Stefan Urosh II Milutin

   King of Serbia (q.v.) from 12821321, during whose reign Serbia became a major power in the Balkans. Expansion into Byzantine Macedonia (q.v.) characterized the first part of his reign. In 1282 he launched a great offensive against Byzantine Macedonia, having allied Serbia with Byzantine foes Charles I of Anjou (q.v.) and John I Doukas of Thessaly (qq.v.). Skopje (q.v.) was conquered (1282), as was Dyrrachion (q.v.). By 1298 his conquests reached just to the north of a line running from Ohrid east to Prilep (qq.v.) and Stip. At this point, Andronikos II (q.v.), on the advice of his general Michael Tarchaneiotes Glabas (q.v.), made peace (1299). Milutin accepted Andronikos's five-year-old daughter Simonis (q.v.) as his bride, along with acceptance of his conquests. Thereafter, Byzantine ceremonial and dress conquered the Serbian court, and Milutin constructed churches, using Byzantine artisans, in Serbia and throughout eastern Christendom, even in remote Jerusalem and on Mount Sinai (qq.v.). Included among them are those at Studenica, Hilandar monastery on Mount Athos (qq.v.), and, what is perhaps the most magnificent of all late Byzantine churches, Gracanica (q.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Stefan Urosh III Dechanski —    Serbian king (1321 1331); son of Stefan Urosh II Milutin (q.v.). He supported Andronikos II against Andronikos III (qq.v.) during the civil war of the 1320s. After Andronikos II died in 1328, the expansion of Serbia into Byzantine Macedonia… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Stefan Urosh I —    King of Serbia (q.v.) from 1243 1276. In 1258 he joined with Manfred of Sicily (qq.v.) and Michael II Komnenos Doukas of the Despotate of Epiros (qq.v.) to oppose the expansion of the Empire of Nicaea (q.v.). He was defeated in 1259 by Michael …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Milutin —    See Stefan Urosh II Milutin …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Serbia —    The first organized Serbian state was called Raska (q.v.). It was established in the ninth century by Serbs, namely, Slavs (q.v.) who settled in the Balkan Peninsula (q.v.) during the reign of Herakleios (q.v.), who converted to Orthodoxy (q.v …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Nemanjids —    Serbian royal dynasty founded by Stefan Nemanja (q.v.) ca. 1167 and lasting until 1371. It included such famous Serbian rulers as Stefan Urosh I, Stefan Urosh II Milutin, Stefan Urosh III Dechanski, and Stefan Urosh Dushan (qq.v.). Under the… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Casa de Nemáñich — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La Dinastía Nemanjić (serbio: Немањићи; españolizado: Nemañich) fue la dinastía real de la Serbia medieval. La dinastía recibió el nombre de Stefan Nemanja (españolizado:Esteban Nemaña), fundador de la misma, y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Monasterio de Grachánitsa — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Monumentos medievales en Kosovo1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gracanica —    Monastery church built by Stefan Urosh II Milutin of Serbia (qq.v.). Its cross in square (q.v.) plan is of the late Byzantine type, with five domes (q.v.). Probably the architect and artisans were from Thessalonike (q.v.), but the church… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Simonis —    The daughter of Andronikos II and Irene Yolanda of Montferrat (qq.v.) who was married in 1299 at age five to Serbian king Stefan Urosh II Milutin (q.v.). He was then about 40, and Simonis was his fourth wife, all of which meant that the… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Irene-Yolanda of Montferrat —    She married Andronikos II Palaiologos (q.v.) in 1284, after the death of his first wife, Anna of Hungary (q.v.). By this marriage, the house of Montferrat surrendered its claims to the crown of Thessalonike (q.v.), which Boniface of Montferrat …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

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